Friday, May 31, 2019
The American Dream has always been rooted in the idea that no matter what circumstances a person is born into, that person can rise to the top with hard work and seized opportunity. This dream--the underlying belief of American exceptionalism--is the fountain millions of immigrants have come to the U.S. over the years. In 1932, Aldous Huxley, a Briton, published a book that flew directly in the face of that great American ideal. In Huxleys venturesome New World, citizens are pre-destined before birth to a certain socio-economic group and conditioned during early life into accepting that status. While that idea horrifies its American readers, their expectations for their possess socio-economic mobility are steadily drifting away from the realities of life in the U.S, and the consequences for this shift could be severe. Americans believe they live in an upwardly mobile society that is the oppositeness of Brave New Worlds predestined existence, but perhaps that opposite is, in reali ty, a mirror image.Huxleys Brave New World fast-forwards several centuries to an imaginary culture that has moved past traditional birth and child-rearing by parents. This society takes the guesswork out of life in order to promote consumerism and reduce social unrest. in that respect are five inescapable castes Alphas, Betas, Gammas, Deltas, and Episilons. Caste is crucial because a citizens work is progressively more menial the farther down the hierarchy he or she sits. In this civilization, fetuses are kept in bottles and manipulated with chemicals to be prepared mentally and physically for the jobs that have been assigned to them. After decanting (birth), they are subjected to years of conscious and sub-conscious education that teaches them not to question their ... ...reality.Works CitedDeParle, Jason. Harder for Americans to Rise from Lower Rungs. The New York dates 4 Jun. 2012 1-4. Nytimes.com. The New York Times Company, 4 Jan. 2012. Web. 25 Apr. 2012.Foroohar, Rana. Wh at Ever Happened to Upward Mobility? Time 14 Nov. 2011 1-5. Time.com. Time Inc., 14 Nov. 2011. Web. 25 Apr. 2012.Huxley, Aldous. Brave New World. New York City Harper & Row, 1969. Print.Poll Results Economic Mobility and the American Dream. Chart. Economicmobility.org. The Pew Charitable Trusts, 19 Mar. 2011. Web. 28 Apr. 2012.Upper Bound. The Economist Chicago 15 Apr. 2010 1-4. Economist.com. The Economist Newspaper Limited, 15 Apr. 2010. Web. 25 Apr. 2012.Zakaria, Fareed. The Downward Path of Upward Mobility. The upper-case letter Post 9 Nov. 2011 1. Washingtonpost.com. The Washington Post Company, 9 Nov. 2011. Web. 25 Apr. 2012.
Thursday, May 30, 2019
Violent Media Images and Video Games Results In Violent BehaviorCan violent media images and video games answer in violent bearing? The answer is yes. For a few decades now hundreds of researchers have take time to research the relationship of media images and video games to violent behavior in children. In the next few paragraphs I will discuss why media images and video games result in violent behavior in children. This news report will also provide some important factors that adults should know about media images and video game violence.It has been researched that media images and video games can be harmful and damaging to childrens minds. Most children watch 21-23 seconds of television per week (Media Violence 1). Within the 21-23 hours of watching TV a week children are looking at 3-5 violent acts per hour (Media Violence 1). By the age of 18, the average American child will have viewed about 200,000 acts of violence on television alone (American Academy). Now approximate b eing a child and watching 200,000 acts of violence, and not being able tell the difference between real life and fantasy. There are some(prenominal) media images and video games that seem real to young children. Not only are these children confused but they are being traumatized by viewing these images.Media images and video games impinge on children in many ways. One of the first signs that children begin to depict is aggressiveness. Children begin to portray the acts of violence that they have observed from watc...
Wednesday, May 29, 2019
The History of Ballooning It all started in 1783, when two brothers conceived the idea of merciful being flight with dummy. Joseph and Etienne Montgolfier came from a family of paper-makers in Annonay, France. They tried to capture smoke from the fireplace in a paper bag, and soon found that it rose. It soon became obvious to them that when the smoke cooled down, the sack would fall. They created the low gear real balloon in 1783. It was 35 ft in diameter and had a capacity of 23,000 cubic ft, and it was made of linen lie paper (Fraser). These brothers had impeccable will and continued working with unbelievable progress. Within a few short weeks they released a balloon to 6,000ft, and it traveled for 2 miles. The human beings was becoming aware of these tests and everyone was catching balloon fever. Within the same time frame, two brothers by the name of Robert acquired the help of a noted physicist named JAC Charles. The Robert brothers coated the silk balloons with condom in order to prevent the leakage of muck up (Josephy). Charles had large hopes for applying his idea of using hydrogen to float these balloons. Charles later became very famous for his ideas and test flights in which silk balloons filled with hydrogen released from iron filings would be called charlieres (Fraser). This seemed to be a much more technical idea since logic would tell us that a gas that was 18 times lighter than air, should indeed rise, especially when the Montgolfiers have already discovered that hot air rises. By this time everyone was impressed, including Benjamin Franklin(who was an American national leader living in Paris at the time) and the King of France (Fraser). Franklin, who had already done his kite experiments, was especially astounded. Now it was time for the Montgolfiers to regain their fame. The third balloon carried the first living things in a basket, which was attached to the bottom. The basket carried a lamb, rooster, and duck, and they all landed safe ly (Fraser). After this, the Kings historian felt that it was time for a human to fly, and felt that there was no better person than he. So, on October 15, 1783, De Rozier became the first aeronaut, and he landed safely after a four-hour flight (Fraser). Things were progressing quickly, and the first material voyage occurred on November 21, 1783 with De Rozier and a man named Marquis DArlandes (Fraser).
Chapter 2, -The Great Gatsby- -Dying society-Fitzgerald presents in this novel upper-class people, who live in the military man of dreams. He tries to describe the life of milliners, whospends enormous amount of money on drugs, parties, alcohol and otherluxury things.In this chapter the writer clearly shows us that the States in 20th wasdying, there was no truth, no love and no real relationships, ande genuinelything was based on how much money each American had. whatsoever Americahad just people who were obsessed with appearance. a small livingroom with a set of tapestried furniture entirely large for it even upthis description of a flat where the party goes on is a significanceof a bad taste and showing off.What people could see is only glamourous dresses and costumes. Thebusiness which was attractive to anyone was gangster business. It wasnearly admirable. America wanted quick money to be made. Most ofthese fellas result cheat on you every time. exclusively they think of i s moneyFitzgerald used an oxymoron in his play to show that the country onits surface is growing but in the heart of it is dying, which hecalls a valley of ashes, a desolate area of land. Also the writersuggested that America is leaving without any colour, people housesgardens relationships are under nasty, coverless surface a fantasticfarm where ashes grow like wheat into ridges and hills and grotesquegardens.The writer gave very specific image to all his characters, they werefull of energy, but this energy didnt suppose to last for a longtime. People in the novel are described as faintly handsome/beautiful, spiritless anaemic with an would-be(prenominal) character. Most ofthem behave as children, they are hedonists. They only thin... ...th or not. The main paper of gossipingwas to seem that you know more and therefore people will communicatewith you more than with others. Well, they say hes (Gatsby) a nephewor a cousin of Kaiser Wilhelm. Thats where all his money comes from.The relationships between people were very strange. Either very coldto each other or people just didnt go so deep into person to know himbetter.The idea of dying society was presented by Fitzgerald in a way thatpeople were careless with each other, with themselves and of coursewith the country which they were destroying absolutely. The societydidnt have any moral points in life. Those partys at Gatsbys housewere just a surface of life were Fitzwilliam shows his own antipathytowards America in 20th. America was like a huge tree which didnthave enough water and was losing its colours and leaves.
Tuesday, May 28, 2019
Which are the effects of texting on teenagers? Slavery or freedom?We hear a lot these days nearly texting - the ability to get/send a text message from/to anyone, anywhere, via wireless networks and some kind of portable device, which might be a fancy pager, a digital cellphone or a palmtop computer. The technology is here, though it doesnt work everywhere yet. We could argue about how affordable or reliable texting is, but we cant cut through it exists and will probably become more widespread. But is this a good thing? In my opinion, there are certain ways in which texting affects many an(prenominal) teenagers.Some teenagers believe that text message communication enables them to express their feelings freely and sincerely to someone. This is why they like to be plugged-in with it all day long. I recollect that it depends on each person when considering if cellphone messaging is a kind of slavery or freedom because I belief in free will, then each of us have the choice of d oing it or not. There are fourth dimensions when its good, to ask for homework, to reach you in an mall, on a bus, at the theatre, or to call your mom so that she can pick you up from someplace. The important thing may be to know when to leave the cellphone or pager at home. Unfortunately, for some people, the fact that these things exist creates the expectation that theyll always use them. People need time away from work, time to be with their families, or with their cats, time to study, or just time to be alone. Many tee...
Which are the effects of texting on teenagers? Slavery or completedom?We hear a lot these age about texting - the ability to get/send a text message from/to anyone, anywhere, via wireless networks and some kind of portable device, which might be a envision pager, a digital cellphone or a palmtop computer. The technology is here, though it doesnt work everywhere yet. We could argue about how affordable or reliable texting is, exclusively we cant deny it exists and will probably become more widespread. But is this a good thing? In my opinion, there are certain ways in which texting affects many teenagers.Some teenagers believe that text message communication enables them to express their feelings freely and sincerely to someone. This is why they like to be plugged-in with it all day long. I think that it depends on each person when considering if cellphone messaging is a kind of slavery or freedom because I belief in free will, therefore each of us have the choice of doing it or not. There are times when its good, to ask for homework, to reach you in an mall, on a bus, at the theatre, or to call your mom so that she can pick you up from someplace. The important thing may be to know when to leave the cellphone or pager at home. Unfortunately, for some people, the fact that these things exist creates the expectation that theyll always use them. People need time away from work, time to be with their families, or with their cats, time to study, or just time to be alone. Many tee...
Monday, May 27, 2019
A justice is a trait of a veritable person that is valued as being good from a particular point of thought process and answers the question of what runs atomic number 18 deterrent example and what are not. Also, morality is the undercoat of being ethically correct and good. There had been several contrasting ethical theories that exist in the society and to each one having different standards or basis for morality. whiz of the well known theories in the contemporary time in the field is virtue ethics which is star of the 3 major normative ethics approaches. virtue ethics originated in the ancient Greek times that takes inspiration from the works of the Greek philosopher, Aristotle while other theories in virtue ethics also merged elements from the works of Hume, Plato, Aquinas and as well as Nietzsche. Basically, virtue ethics gives importance on the character of a person. Thus, it is the character of a person that is the come upon element and the basis of being good or morally correct rather than laws/rules or even the consequences or outcome brought about by a particular action. According to virtue ethics, we should look at the character of a person rather than his or her duties and actions. It is how one bottom of the inning be better person that is given stress rather than the right thing to do. It is easy to live a virtuous life according to Aristotle and that the main reason for those who do so is to be happy. Thus, a virtuous life gives happiness which is the main or ultimate goal of every human being according to virtue ethics. In order to become a better person, virtue ethics suggest that one must practice virtuous acts on a regular basis. These acts ordain eventually become habitual and thus, making the habit of doing such acts as a natural day to day activity which in the long run, get out make the person a better being. Thus, the ultimate aim of the particular person is to make people happy. Virtue ethics suggests that a person spirit a virtuous life go out eventually do virtuous things not only to be happy but as well as to make people happy which in turn will be their main objective and goal in life of a virtues person. Virtue ethics also assumes that all humans have capacities that are inherited and that, as stated earlier, actions that could improve these capacities are considered as ethical and those that hinder the improvement of these capacities are not, that is, if an action is able to develop the potential of the particular person, it is the morally right thing to do and otherwise, morally wrong. These, inherited potentials, according to ethical theories are information and intelligence and so, in order to live a virtues life, we must be able to develop our wisdom and intelligence. Thus, rather than trying to define goodness or blamelessness, improving ones character is given the importance and is the basis of ethically good actions and is virtue ethics central theme. By giving emphasis on the persons being rather than actions, virtue ethics aims to achieve something that is genuinely wanted by the person rather than focusing on the incoherent ideas about the after-life which are found to be arguable. It is verbalise that virtue ethics is applicable to all, can easily be understood and fits into both body politic and donts of philosophies and as well as religion. Therefore, it is like a combination of both religion and philosophy. Every ethical hypothesis suggests standards of morality and according to virtue ethics, right actions are the results of being a moral person. It is by becoming a moral person that we will eventually know what actions are righteous from what are wrong and thus, we flourished as human beings. Virtue ethics also suggests that virtue is an important and admirable human characteristic just as braveness and kindness. Virtue ethics also suggests that a good society is a result and accomplishments of virtuous people in that particular community.Th us, it can be said the virtue ethics is far more different than other ethical theories present such as Consequentialism that focuses on the results of a certain actions or Deontology that focuses on certain rules and duties of every individual as set by the society. Consequentialism would ask what actions will bring the most benefit and the least harm to the persons that are confused and will be affected by the action.On the other hand, Deontology will ask what actions are approved by the society and that are accordance to the moral rules or laws as dictated by the society or culture. Still, as mentioned earlier, virtue ethics does not focus on the action itself or on the result of that action or even in the set of rules that are present in the society but rather, on the character of the person voluminous in making the decision. By evaluating the points of these ethical theories, it can be said that all have their own strength and as well as wan points when it comes to decision m aking and one cannot be considered as superior to the other. Still, taking either side will also be dependent on the points of view of the person making the decision. One problem with virtue ethics is that it is mostly not applicable or of little help to persons who are facing dilemma. The very(prenominal) thing also goes for Consequentialism and Deontology. If for example, you can save a friend by lying to a certain person or group, would lying be the action by a virtuous man or is it considered as a simple lie that a virtuous man should avoid? In this case, it can be said that virtue ethics cannot be applied and does not help the person in making a decision. Another problem confront by virtue ethics is that it cannot justify a certain problem for doing so would require a basis of what is moral. In this case, the decision on which virtues are considered morally correct and which are not are has to be made which is definitely a hard thing to do. Thus justifying certain actions base d on what virtues are moral and what are not are still a big question. On the other hand, it can also be said that the one of the distinct strength of virtue ethics is that it gives emphasis on the connection between our characters and our acts. It also views our character as whole and unified rather than treating each as isolated when it comes to making ethical decisions. Thus, a persons virtue is considered as a totality and not as fragment of different aspects and that one character/trait is not isolated from the other. Thus, virtue ethics looks at the individual, something that most ethical theories fail to do. There is no absolute theory that exists in which all will agree that it is definitely the right standard of living a virtuous life. Thus, every theory has its own critique and opponents. This is because of the variety in the experiences, familiarity and points of view of every individual, being unique in different ways. Thus, an ultimate theory can never really exist.Th e actions that must be taken by every individual defends on both his or her experiences and values together with the situation at hand and no theory will be able to solely suggest what ought to be and not be done. Therefore, decision making is not just a matter of theories and principles but of experiences, knowledge of the situation and of the people involved and the complete being of a person making the decision.ReferenceStanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. (2000). Virtue Ethics. Retrieved April 28, 2008 from http//plato.stanford.edu/entries/ethics-virtue/3
Sunday, May 26, 2019
Andrea Tierney opened Aradia fitness London (AFL) in London, Ontario, in 2005. The majority in come of the fitness club is to offering poles dancing class to local anesthetic London. Tierney wants to lunch a new exercise program TRX which could help decrease abrasion rates, and support poles dancing program at the same time. Tierney have a make decision in a very short period of time, which include an appropriate price point and promotion strategy to ensure supremacy of the TRX program.Tiernrys ultimate goal is to offer both classes as complement to one another. Recommendation I recommend Tierney to peg down the price for TRX program at $159.99 for 6-week program and $29 for teaser class. I also recommend Tierney to choice the promotion strategy to attract underway pole dancing students and local university students by offering $129. 99 for 6-week program and $19 for teaser class. And focus on local advertising by local radio spots, print advertising, yellow pages inclination, and Facebook advertisements. precept/Key Points of Analysis First of all, price. As Tierney recognized that, initial majority of TXR program students would be who are in the poles dancing class. So, set the price at $129. 99 for 6-week program and $19 for teaser class is totally affordable for these students.Local university students would be another group of consumers who willing to have interest in this program. By considering they are sensitive with the price, I would recommend to set lower price for them, which same as current poles dancing students. The price of Competitors should be considered in setting price as well. From the case I know that, in that location are three adversarys in London at this time, Athletic club, in effect(p) life, and Just saintly. Athletic club does not offer specific long-term training TXR program, although they have two clubs in London. Thus, they are not majority competitor for six-week TXR program inLondon. Good life does offer six-week TXR program but with $199, which the price I recommend is lower and more attractive for local consumers. Just sweet offers a eight-week program with $360, which is the most expensive one in London. The total cost for TXR program only is $2016 (12*158+120) including HST. Cost will be covered if there are 16 students register for TXR program (16*129. 99=2079. 87). The life time usage of TXR equipment is unknown, which I assume that it could be 2 years. According to previously analysis, set the price at $129. 99 for 6-week program and $19 for teaser class is acceptable and profitable.Secondly, the choice of advertising. The potential consumers could be roughly grouped as current dancing students, university students, and local residences. Current students and university students are already discussed before, by offering lower price. The local residences would be promoted though following advertisement strategy Newstalk as local radio spots The London Free Press and London Community News a s print advertising yellow pages listing and Facebook advertisements. AFL is based in London and provide service to local consumers. In this case, national advertising (BX 93 Radio and Virgin Radio) should not be considered.Owner has peculiar(a) budget and direct mail flyers has limited advertise range which is not befitting for new lunched product. So, direct mail flyers should not be used as well. To conclusion, though providing lower price for current dancing students to register TXR program, and though TXR program increase physical strength for dancing students which could help decrease attrition rates. The plan I recommend could meet Tiernrys ultimate goal which to offer both classes as complement to one another and ensure the success of lunching new TXR program to the local public.
Saturday, May 25, 2019
Introduction The primary purpose of this essay is to understand various mouldings of organization diagnosing and their differences to a fault salutary as their similarities, and also evaluate their strength and weakness. In order to understand these OD models we will need to k at present what is organisational diagnosis. What is Organizational Diagnosis? This is a strategy implemented by organizations to increase its effectiveness. This involves assessing an organizations existing levels of performance, to design a suitable change that will achieve the expected performance.In organizational diagnosis, diagnostic activities should centre its centralise on 2 main aras Subsystem areas (management, group, individual unit) Organization processes (decision-making process, communication model, kins between groups and the setting of goals. Organizational diagnostician carries show up this process of diagnosis considering the whole organization as a total system. They use selective information form internal and external sources for this purpose. The organizational diagnosticians direct their focus on the activities they think are the vital for the existence of the organization.When performing the diagnosis whole organization is put into focus when drastic changes are needed (French & Bell, 1995). ultimately in the organizational diagnosis process, all the info collected are communicated back to the organizations management in order to begin the organizational change phase (Harrison 1987). Uses of Organizational Diagnosis Models Organizational diagnosis models help to clearly understand inefficiencies and diversions from organizational goals and targets.Organizational diagnosis models also provide a systematic way together, categorize and understand data. Models identify crucial organizational variables which are theorized to exist according to previous research. Models also reflect the nature of relationship between important variable. With let on such model s it would be hard to collect and interpret data. Here I will analyse three such organizational diagnosis model, Weisbords Six recess Model Sharp-image Diagnosis model The congruence Model Weisbords Six Box ModelThis model of organizational diagnosis consist six elements which are purpose, structure, relationship, rewards, leadership and helpful mechanism. The model focuses on the areas of dissatisfaction as a starting guide. The areas of dissatisfactions considered are from the customer point (external), internal point of view (management and employees). The main advantages of this organizational diagnosis model have been its easy to understand and adopt. The model draws from a number of management theory schools -organisation design, behavioural, psychology and organisational learning. collectible to its very simplistic approach it has a lack of theoretically basis to determine the actual gaps, degree of change and inefficiencies in an organization. Weisbords model also fail s to provide the actions needed to close gaps, degree of change and inefficiencies of organization structure. Harrison and Shirom (1999) says that Weisbords model, on identification of gaps, for each of these elements, consultants has to diagnosis the gaps and degree of changes. Gap between what exists now and ought to be Gaps between what are actually done and what the mangers say is done.The Congruence Model The Congruence model considers data from internal and external of the organization, strategies employed, convergence and regulate ( out(p)put) and how the people of the organization are organised to convert the inputs into outputs. In order to understand the organization system and also how these factors influence in achieving intended results. The Congruence models just about important element is the concept of encounter. Organization success depends on the alignment of each factor (people, work, structure and culture) to one an early(a).The tighter they fit the greate r congruence and higher performance is achieved. Sharp-image Diagnosis model This model is a combination of open system and political frame, which aims at a besiege view of the organization initially but later focus on core problems and challenges (Harrison and Shirom 1999). Sharp-image diagnosis model uses 3 misuses to evaluate 1. Gather data to identify problems 2. Uses theoretical models targeted to specific problems 3. Development of a diagnostic model to identify the root causes of problems Weakness of this model has been The lack of predetermined tools to carry out the organizational diagnosis Need for highly experienced practitioners to develop customised diagnosis models The strengths of this model has been The customised diagnosis models targeted at specific problems Deals with high levels of feedback to managers to understand the diagnostic results. main Similarities All three, the six box model, sharp-image diagnosis and the congruence model are based on action rese arch models. Action research involves data collection, feedback of data to management and planing for change based of data.These models focus on inefficiencies to bring about change in those areas, will bring benefits the organization. Apply Weisbords Six Box Model to lentil plant as Anything Marvin Weisbord identified a process with six steps to assist business to diagnosis its business operations. These steps identified by him are purpose, leadership, reward, structure, relationships and helpful mechanisms. These steps were introduced to assist organizations to improve their internal processes. Lentil as Anything and ordinary business with an extraordinary mission, which as has been giving a crude meaning to pricing of meals.The concept that Lentils as Anything functions under is No Pricing, here customers can decide what they think their meals valve or how much they can relent to pay. Lentil as Anything first started with two employees and in one location but now after 8 years it has over 100 round and operates in 4 locations in Melbourne. Its purpose being to serve its customers with food wether they can afford or not as become a reality. The succeeding(a) step in the model is structure. Structure is where an organization splits workloads between staff members, as every member cannot do all types of work.Everyone in the organization has to have it away and understand what there are required to do and what they are suppose to do. If staff does not know what is expected form them, there would chose and no work would be done efficiently. Lentil as Anything has mainly 3 departments, which administration dept, front of house and back of house. All of them have specific jobs at Lentils. Admin dept coordinates the purchases, surveillance and other admin duties. While the back of house is responsible for preparing quality meals and the front of house is responsible for delivering quality customer service and maintaining the restaurant floor.Another step in this model is rewards. Rewards systems include bonuses, vacation time, awards, promotions and recognition. According to Michael le Boeuf, you get more of the Behaviour you reward. If business wants to achieve success and have slaked employees there should be a reward system in place. In Lentils and Anything the reward system as been in the way of promotions to employees. Which as kept most of the staff happy and content with the recognition give to their hard work? The next step in the model is leadership.According to Weisbord, Leaderships tasks are to set goals, scan the environments for opportunities and keep performance to defined objectives. Lentil as Anything has a laid back leadership style. This fits this environment as there are no rule and special guide line that staff as to follow at Lentils. Shanaka Fernando has being able to get his staff to carry out his vision successfully. The former Secretary of State, Colin Powell once said, the essence of leadership is the willingn ess to make the tough, unambiguous choices that will have an impact of the fate of the organization. Another step of the model is relationships. This one of the important factor in an organization, this allows management to solve conflicts between top management and staff. At Lentil, even though the relationship between the managers and other staff is good there are some thinks that need to improve. That is from the side of the founder Shanaka, who does not like to take others opinion and advice when making decisions. This has lead to managers leaving the organization. The last element of this model is helpful mechanisms.Helpful mechanisms refer to the policies, programs, meetings, systems, and committees. Those facilitate concerted efforts to meet goals. They include budget systems and planning and control mechanisms. At Lentil as Anything management meeting are rare and there has not been any staff meeting held to discuss any sought of issues. And also there are no mechanisms for employee feedback but there is strong informal grapevine is used to communicate issues. Lentils do not provide any training for its employees, it basically fits in the staff where work need to be done. ConclusionWhile six box model uses a simple and straightforward method and predefined models ascertain at the organizational strategy, structure, rewards, leadership, relationships and helpful mechanisms. The sharp-image diagnosis model uses customised model to depending on the problem. While the congruence model considers data from internal and external of the organization, strategies employed product and services (output) and how the people of the organization are organised to convert the inputs into outputs. Despite their differences these models derive from action research.When applying the organizational diagnosis model to Lentil as Anything, the outstrip and easy model was Weisbords Six Box theory. This model allowed to see the inefficiencies that were at every level of the organization. Now its up to the Lentil as Anything management to implement the necessary changes where the inefficiencies were highlighted. References Kotelnikov,V. (2001), Effective Reward Systems. E-coach. 19 celestial latitude 2010 Powell, C. (2001) 18 Lessons for Leaders. 1000 advices. 19 December 2010 Weisbord, M. (2005-2008) Six Boxes. Proven Models. 19 December 2010. Harrison, M. I. (1987). Diagnosing organizations Methods, models, and processes. Newbury Park, CA Sage Nadler, D. A. & Tushman, M. L. (1980). A model for diagnosing organizational behavior. Organizational Dynamics, French, W. , & Bell, C. (1999). Organization development Behavioural science interventions for organization improvement. Upper accuse River, NJ Prentice-Hall. Harrison, M. I. & Shirom, A. (1998) Organizational Diagnosis and Assessment Bridging Theory and Practice, Thousand Oaks, CA Sage Publications.
Friday, May 24, 2019
Explanation on the Evolution of the Federal Indian Policy from Washington through JacksonÃ¢â¬â¢s Administration Essay
President Lincoln in his Gettysburg address told the solid ground that the state promotes a government of the mountain for the people and by the people. In Jacksons time he stressed out what Thomas Jefferson believes that self-sufficient society is making dependent people independent (studyworld 1998). Both have spoken of people and a nation. Being once the heads of this super powerful nation, the yoke of responsibility on governing whose people and what nation is on their shoulders. It is a matter of whose depart atomic number 18 being protected when what is put in question are the rights and obligations between the natives and the whites.For the rich and influential will sovereignty rule? During the Jackson administration it wasnt so. Authority at that time must eliminate exclusively the risk to carry on a business plan. We can never measure the enormous weights between love for ones country and the evil of greed but history repeats itself and is always a witnesser to the fa ll and rise of many cities and countrys. The past Jackson administration has its goals or measure to take. However, democracy is meant to give each one according to its due.As for now, America is a dream of many race, a mixture of culture and hopefully will always be the land of plenty and opportunities. It is so because it was the yield of its enormous labor, tears and pain and good leader beam of some honorable statesmen but more so of its people. Much to be said but domain stands where humans are treated reverently. Many great leaders had fathomed this thought. Many so called good leaders have thrown out the weakest from the sinking ship in order to save a chosen few or the meanest.Jackson at first diplomatically covered the Cherokees land until pushing them to manuscript as narrated in the book the Trails of Tears. He injected in these so called savages that they can not just be hunters but too agriculturists ( inborn Indians are inborn hunters and by nature obedient but str ong people in body and character). They asked the native inhabitants to transfer from one state to plant cottons but in reality the Native Americans do not dig to cultivate because during their times food is in abundance.On the other hand, that present administration intends to dig for gold and by all means will strive hard to become a super power that is known today. Despite the ruling of the Supreme Court on sovereignty, the Indians left wing their ancestral lands led by Chief Ross who at that time can only if do the least he can do best when only destiny could dictate the future. Civilizations like industrialization or advancement are always paid for at a great price. Georgias bowel movement to dislodge the Cherokees is more about oppressing than helping its inhabitants.It was merely a struggle of the fittest where the strongest always envelopes the weakest. Reformers of the past could have set their goals on advancement without due watch over to Indians tribal customs and tr aditions. The present Indian law and nonetheless about five tribes is complex as we view the state government with the history of federal official Indian policy. Though they are just minority compared to the whole U. S. population, they maintain their sovereignty and are subject to their individual tribal government while also being subjected to the federal state government.Reformers or oppressors whatever the name could be, when a trail is lost it is impossible to go back where one belongs. Native cultures are dismissal because the new school taught that their parents and grand parents learning are inferior to what is new (Montana 1993). After a century, efforts on behalf of the present government to regain the loss culture among the Native Americans is being acted upon, laws concerning sovereignty (House 2007) is upheld but only to few remaining 1. 7 Million Indians since most of them had already faded away in concert with their homelands.Referencehttp//www.house.leg.state.mn.us/ hrd/pubs/indiangb.pdf
Thursday, May 23, 2019
Equality Equality has been established to ensure that everyone has the right to equal opportunities, equal rights in work environs or in general and therefore classed as important focused and organizations lead it actually seriously as they have to ensure that every exclusive employee are entitled to same choices, opportunities and are treated equally. There are various types of par such as the racial equality act, gender equality act, womens equality act, Marriage equality and many more besides the Equality issue 2010 (the Act) replaced previous anti-discrimination laws with a single Act. The equality of act in wellness and fond complaint setting came into force on 1 October 2010. Whenever an individual need wellness care or medical treatment or when an elderly or an individual with mental problems who are being cared for in nursing homes, care in day Centre and such, they have the right non to be discriminated against because of their race, gender, gender identity, disabi lity, religion or belief or sexual orientation.Diversity is to understand that every individual is unique and recognize individuals difference, therefore respected and valued in community or in the workforce. We live in an increasingly diverse society and need to be sufficient to respond appropriately and sensitively to this diversity. In the healthcare setting, workers will reflect this diversity around gender, race and ethnicity, disability, religion, sexuality, class and age. Rights Every individual is entitled to radical adult male rights and in turn they have to able to and if not learn to respect others human rights. Right to life nobody until now the government can try to end an individuals life. This also means that an individual has the right to be protected if their life is at risk. The human rights act also prohibits the death penalty in UK. The courts have held that the right of life however dont include right to take your cause life. The right to life is absolute h owever it does not always apply in certain situation. A persons right to life is not breached if they die when a public authority (such as the police) uses necessary force to stop them carrying out unlawful violencemake a lawful dreadstop them escaping lawful detainmentOf course, even in these circumstances, death would be avoided wherever possible, and the force used must be absolutely necessary and strictlybalanced. match to law, Everyones right to life shall be protected by law. No one shall be disadvantaged of his/ her lives intentionally save in the execution of a sentence of a court following his/her conviction of a crime for which the penalty is provided by law. In health and social care setting race or anyone has to be able to respect others human rights. Right to liberty every individual has the right to their personal freedom. The government cannot take away an individuals freedom by detaining them without any good reason even if its just for short period of time. Impor tantly, the Human Rights Act provides that if an individual is arrested, they have the right to Why an individual have been arrested and what charges they face, would be told in a language they would understand.Be taken to court punctually.Have a trial within a reasonable time.If an individual is confident enough thanGo to court to challenge their detention if they think it is unlawful. In health and social care setting worker/career, every patient is entitled to right of their personal freedom therefore they have the right to equal required health care services needed as everyone else within the care setting. Discrimination is unlawful within Britain. Law protects you from discrimination at situation like theseAt work.As a consumerWhen using public services.However there are both types of discrimination overt discrimination and covert discrimination. Overt discrimination is when a colleague of an individual is paid more because of their gender even though they both are doing the s ame job with the same qualification, there should be no differences at all. Unfortunately sometimes it does still takes place and that individual have to be aware and make sure that it is sorted out. Covert discrimination is reversion to overt, this is more complicated to demonstrate as it is hidden.For example it is when an individual is applying for a job with the same qualifications and experience as other applicants, someone between those two skill not get picked because of their skin color or their sexuality or their ethnicity. It still does take place but the only thing is unverbalized todemonstrate as it is hidden. An individual has to be aware of covert discrimination against people using health and social care services.Stereotyping is dangerous and common with the children, which they angle to pick up from the adults. The most common types of stereotypes are that All overweight people are too lazy to get anything doneAll unsettled people do not want to work.The William s and Best gender study from 1992 found that within 30 different countries, males were typically characterized as adventurous, powerful, domineering and independent. Females, on the other hand, were characterized as sentimental, submissive and superstitious, however slowly the society has been making transition away from the stereotyping. Prejudice is when someone makes and judgment about someone without really knowing the facts.Sub culture is a culture is a culture with its own distinctive norms and values for example chav, Emo, Goth etc. people might judge them and stereotype them without knowing, some people see Goth as dark inside, dark thoughts and heavy makeup, but who are they to know assume that, because in fact they are only seeing them visually, if they actually approach them and talk they might not be what they think they are at all. In the health and social care profession an individual may still have these thoughts not just health and social care settings but everywhere however they have to be careful of how they see and treats others which will make an impact in their work. If individual lets prejudices interfere them with their work in health and social care the person will not be treated fairly.
Wednesday, May 22, 2019
The text talks round the enterprise Saurer, its history and strategy to face to the challenge of Asians competitors and at same time take advantage of the opportunities in that trade. In December 2003, the management team of Saurer Twisting Systems was having difficulties with the choice of the functioning of their business organisation. It appears a rattling strong competitor Asia (specially China) who starts to hoard a grownup leave-taking of the market. Theres a recession in the market and Volkmann (one of the brands of Saurer) realized that the sales of implements for making staple yarn for apparel are declining.Volkmann achieve to take the market divide of European and Japaneses competitors only when now China competitors (specially Rifa who is the major(ip) competitor) have invested in research and development upgrading their process and low-downering their costs. So now, Saurer has to face a big challenge to produce a machine with a bring low cost and good quality targeted at Asians consumers. This machine would have a lower moulding in comparison with the others and for its lower costs could replace the existing high end machines. The management team would have to take some very stern decisions intimately state of affairsing, pricing, naming the product and sales strategy.And theres still the interrogative mood about how the Chinese competitors would react with the launch of the invigorated product Saurer was founded in 1853 by Franz Saurer, at the beginning it was a small foundry and engineering workshop, 15 years later it begins building embroidery machines and starts diversification with a variety of industries. Saurer acquires some enterprises comparable Hamel, Volkmann, Allma, Schlafhorst, Melco and Zinser. Most of the acquisitions were in textile machinery and based in Germany. With the acquisition of Barmag and Neumag in 1999, Saurer leads the production of machines for producing and finishing chemical fibers.The enterprise c reates Saurer Textile Solutions (STS), comprised by nine textile strategic business units. Its mission was to be the undebated market leader for full service solutions in textile engineering and set continuously new benchmarks for economical production. In 2002, began the project Tempus, that pretends to change the processes and the corporate culture with the objective of satisfy more effectively the client needs and at the same time bewilder lower the costs. In 2003, complete the program to outsource parts manufacturing (In Czech Republic and China), which allows a better capacity of adaptation at the needs of the market.But, counterbalance with all the achievements gotten by Saurer with these proyects, the CEO of the enterprise, Henry Fisher considers that theres still a lot of things that the enterprise must do in order to become a customer focused and responsive to customer needs company and he believed theres still opportunities to be a better company. Now the author procee d to cover the textile industry (that has 4 major value-added steps fiber, yarns, fabrics and apparel and made up textile articles) and textile machinery industry (where STS is the largest manufacturer of textile machinery).He talks about the growing of the industry (by 2% to 3% per year) and the most important productors (Asia, specially China). Next, the author recall the strategic importance of China in the industry, that importance is in the main because China is a big source of textile raw materials. China has a large domestic market China has a growing position in textile exports. Chinas labors costs are really low Chinese infrastructure, labor market and productivity are better than in other countries. Additionally, in 2003 more than 70% of textile manufacturing investments were being made in Asia with about a half of those in China.For these reasons, success in China becomes a really important issue for Saurer, the enterprises sales depends on Asian markets, specially Chin a. The predecessor companies of Saurer were participants in Chinese market, Barmag was cooperating with some Chinese companies, establishing Joint ventures in Beijing, Shanghai and Wuxi. But, these partners in JV started to develop their own products using the knowledge received from Barmag, giving parts with low quality and destroying the image of Barmag products, there was a conflict of interests.In 2001 after the problems with their partners, Barmag liquidate the Shanghai JV and established the Barmag Textile Machinery in Suzhou. Then, Saurer decided to established a direct presence in the Chinese market, finding a really strong competition in that market. In 2003, Saurer has a good participation in the Chinese market, in 2005 planned to build a major new facility in Suzhou that would allow it to consolidate in one location much of its procurement activities. Now the author proceed to talk about one of the brands of Saurer Volkmann.Volkmann was founded in 1904 by Volkmann Brother s in Krefeld, Germany. At the beginning, the enterprise produces machinery for the local silk and velvet industry. After II World War starts building machinery for the manufacture of yarns. In 1954, Volkmann developed the two-for-one twisting machine that was more productive and cost effective that the existent machines, this gives to the company an advantage over its competitors. Volkmann grow becoming a really good mid-sized enterprise, but theres the need of been part of a bigger enterprise in order to grow even more.In 1990 theres a jointure with Saurer, but the brand Volkmann as the Allmas were retained. In 1994 Volkmann introduces a new machine called the CompactTwister, created to satisfy the needs of the customers in the new emerging textile markets. The enterprise treasured to get a biggest segment of the Asian market, so they created the project Dragon that consists in create a plant in Suzhou, China in 1997 in order to produce a machine with same characteristics as the one produced in Germany but with a lower cost and price, the plan was, to export the machine to other markets in the Far East overtime.This project has their risks, specially the quality of the final product, because it would work with some parts produced in china, what could give a low quality. As a result of this project, twisting systems was the first Saurer business unit to establish its own manufacturing operation in China. It starts producing in may 1998 and the price of these machines were 15% lower that the German-Built Machine. The product was good sold, and the degree of the CompactTwisters success were pleasant surprises for Saurer management.One of the challenges that Volkmann has to face was to understand the Asian customers needs, totally different to the occidental customers. They look for the lower cost local manufacturer. Given the low labor costs and the ease of replacing workers, most Chinese companies had little interest in machine ergonomics and automation. But now the old mental attitudes were starting to change as more Chinese managers began to appreciate the efficiency of the machines and the quality of the products they produced, that will enable them to increase revenue.Also theres a difference between occidental and orientals about after-sales service and support. , in China, there was little interest in preventative maintenance or annual contracts. The attitude was to repair the machine when it broke down and unless to replace a part when it failed. The result of these attitudes was that Saurers after-sales spare parts and service in China were only about one third level achieved in Western countries. This is a lost opportunity to the enterprise to gets close to the customer and discover news opportunities of business by discovering new needs.In China, Volkmann, has 2 major competitors Muratec (Japan) and Savio (Italy). Also, the domestic Chinese competitors had become important in the textile machinery market. They had a dominant position and dont respect the ingenious property of western and Japanese manufacturers (for example, the CompactTwister was really imitated). By 2003 there were 3 major Chinese competitors with another 10-15 local companies in the market. Rifa Textile Machines was the largest of the three.Founded in 1993, by the 2003 it had 5 subsidiary companies producing different types of textile machines, this enterprise has good coverage all over China. The second one is Taitan, is smaller tan Rifa but its strategy is similar. Wanli is the third competitor. The panorama in India is similar to what happen in China, the strongest local competitor is Veejay Lakshmi, that captured about 70% market share in the Indian market and is exporting its machines to other countries. In Pakistan, Muratec had the dominant market but Rifa is gaining some participation.Volkmanns participation in both countries is low. In order to response to the local Chinese Challenge, Volkmann make a project to create a new twisting machine that would meet the needs of many lower-end customers making cotton and cotton drop dead yarns with medium and fine yarn counts. This machine should have a good performance and productivity and at same time be cheaper than the others. Now the question is, Should or not Volkmann launch that new low-end machine, what would be the consequences for the image of the company to produce a machine not as good as the others but cheaper than then?Is there a big market for that kind of product? How would the competitor to react if the company launch this product? If Volkmann decide to launch the new machine would be necessary to develop a comprehensive marketing strategy The major issues that needed to be addressed was the exact value suggestion that would be communicated to the target customers, the pricing of the new product, the branding and naming of the product and the sales and marketing communications strategy.
Tuesday, May 21, 2019
Choose one of the prophecy methods and explain the rationale behind using it in real life. I would choose to use the exponential function function smoothing project method. Exponential smoothing method is an average method that contradicts more strongly to recent changes in beseech than to more distant other(prenominal) entropy. Using this data will show how the forecast will react more strongly to immediate changes in the data. This is good to examine when dealing with seasonal patterns and trends that may be taking place.I would find this information very useful when examining the increased reapingion of a product that appears to be higher in demand in the present than in the past Taylor (2011). For example, annual gross revenue of short-changes will probably peak in the months of frame in and April, and perhaps during the summer with a much littler peak. This pattern is likely to repeat every year, however, the relative criterion of increase in gross revenue during March may slowly change from year to year. During the month of march the sales for a particular toy may increase by 1 million dollars every year.We could add to our forecasts for every March the amount of 1 million dollars to account for this seasonal fluctuation. Describe how a domestic fast food scope with plans for expanding into China would be able to use a forecasting sham. By looking at the data of other companies the fast food chain would be able to put together a forecast to determine if their business venture was viable. They could examine the sales data and determine through a exponential smoothing forecast if it made sense for them to enter into the market.This would show the trends and changes in the data more recently quite than in past time. The fast food industry of China is experiencing phenomenal growth and is one of the fast-breaking growing sectors in the country, with the compounded annual growth rates of the market crossing 25%. Further, on the back of changing and busy lifestyle, fast emerging middle class population and surging available income, the industry will continue to grow at apace in coming years.What is the difference in the midst of a causal model and a time- series model? Give an example of when each would be used. The time series model is based on using historical data to predict afterlife behavior Taylor (2011). This method could be used by a construction work, retail store, fast food restaurant or clothing manufacturer to predict sales for an upcoming season change. For example, new homebuilders in US may see variation in sales from month to month.But analysis of past years of data may reveal that sales of new homes are increased gradually everywhere period of time. In this case trend is increase in new home sales. The causal model uses a mathematical correlation between the forecasted items and factors affecting how the forecasted item behaves. This would be used by companies who do not have access to historical data t herefore they would use a competitors available data. For example, the sales of ice cream will increase when the temperature outside is high.You will see more and more good deal going to the stores buying ice cream, freeze pops and other cold items when it is hot. When it is cold you will see more people buying coffee, hot chocolate, and cappuccino. What are some of the problems and drawbacks of the moving average forecasting model? bingle problem with the moving average method is that it does not take into account data that change out-of-pocket to seasonal variations and trends. This method works better in short run forecast
Monday, May 20, 2019
The thesis is some researchers worry that Joe and other action-hero figures may, in minor fashion, help fan the implement of muscle-building drugs among young athletes. (486) Angier wants to convey to the audience that dolls can affect whether he or she ordain use muscle-building drugs to stick bouffant like the G.I. Joe dolls. Dolls like Barbie, G.I. Joe helps to send a message to the kids that existence strong or being thin like the dolls argon what they should look like as adults.A) Angiers tone throughout the establish is informative to prove her point that dolls help kids the use of muscle-building drugs. She tells the audience how outrageous the dolls eubstances proportions ar. She states that G.I, Joes biceps bulge so much that they are larger around than his waist . . . gracious size, they would be larger than even the arms of the grotesquely muscular Mr. Olympias of today (486). She wants to inform the audience that dolls that kids plays with are abnormal. The fact that kids plays with these kinds of dolls can have an effect on boys and girls. Angier also conveys that because kids want the type of bodies the dolls have, they will do things in order to achieve that goal.One of the ways is to use anabolic steroids which can make it realistic for men to look as big as superman (487). Showing what problems steroids can cause will inform people that people should not be taking steroids to achieve the muscular body. The fact that Angier uses proper(postnominal) people who are certified to know about drugs and the influence of toys like Dr. Harrison G. Pope Jr., and Shalender Bhasin with increases her credibility. Readers will apt(predicate) trust what Angier says because she supports her evidence with people who knows about steroids well.Barbies, G.I. Joe, and other American dolls can have an effect on kids about their appearance but I do not think that it is a huge performer that makes kids think that big muscles and thin bodies are the norm. I t can leave a message to the kids that muscles and thin bodies are the best but I think normally to attract the others, people want to have big muscles and thin bodies. Also the fact that society wants to make people think that thin bodies and having a decent body is the best.
Sunday, May 19, 2019
In Nicomachean Ethics, Aristotle describes the threesome different sheaths of companionships virtue, amusement and usefulness. He describes how apiece friendship is different and how some friendships last and some dont. According to Aristotle, the race amongst friendships and narcissism is friendships go out down into ego-love, the type of self-love iodine has determines what types of friendships unity rear maintain. Aristotle explains how in self-love one loves themself the most, or loves their partner the most, but should a man love himself most, or some one else?By breaking down friendships into self-love and using the truth tables, one tramp find the relationship between friendship and self-love. According to Aristotle, a friendship of usefulness is for the old. This type of friendship is easily mixed-up and is based on what the new(prenominal) individual in the relationship has brought to that relationship. One is in this relationship of utility because it is beneficial to them one gets something out(p) of it from the other person in it. This relationship is based on the benefits one send packing gain from being in this relationship (Page 130).This friendship is easily broken because when one no prospicienter benefits thither is no need for the friendship. The relationship of utility is a selfish relationship. The friendship of merriment is to be seen in younger mess. This usually involves the feelings between two lovers. This is when population get greater delight than when they argon alone. This friendship is much like the friendship of utility where the relationship only lasts as long as the pleasure is still there. The friendship of virtue is the highest friendship one can have.In this relationship, both artners argon alike in virtue, and they desire tumefy to each other. This relationship, unlike utility and pleasure, is hard to obtain because these types of people are hard to come by. A virtuous relationship is long lasting as well because of their moral virtue. Friendship of virtue is seen to be permanent because the people involved meet all the qualities that friends should have. (Book Viii, chapter 3). Aristotle states that there are two different types of self-love.Many people who love themselves the most are characterized as selfish and egotistical, these people re seen as a disgrace. When people are egotistical they value things only in their in-person interest Someone who is only interested in their own self-interest wont do anything if they cant get something out of it that will benefit them. When one looks for the greatest share of wealth, honor and bodily pleasures, their self-love is large. It is problematic to commemorate these are the best things. These people are motivated by greed and self-interest.Aristotle claims if this one has the bad type of self-love whence they should love their friend the most. If they can relate to their self as their own friend, then this is the self-love they should have, to love their friend the most. A mans best friend is one who wishes well to the object of his wish for his sake, and these attributes are found most of all in a mans attitude towards himself, and so are the other attributes by which a friend is defined. (Book X, Chapter 8). According to Aristotle, people who look for utility or pleasure are not treating themselves well.One should love a friend for who they are, and one should love their self for the same eason. A person who seeks for personal goodness will aim at a virtuous life. (Page When one looks at self -love and the different types of friendships, utility, pleasure and virtue, they need to take into consideration the two different types of or. A friendship can be either x/or virtuous or and/or virtuous. X/or is when the friendship is exclusively virtuous meaning one or the other friendship, not both. The and/or relationship can be a virtuous relationship or another friendship exclusively and both.One who ha s the bad or negative self-love can have an Wor virtuous relationship or an and/or, caper and pleasure relationship. A person who has the good type of self-love is increasing virtue so they can strive to be a person who is living a life well-lived. In this self-love, one can have an and/or virtuous relationship. The use of the truth tables will help determine which type of or goes with the correct relationship. One who has virtuous friend love and/or self-love has a balanced life.One who has egotistical self-love x/or virtuous friend love, has love or another, but the love can only increase or decrease and never grow. It is important to remember that according to Aristotle, one who is not virtuous cannot be in a virtuous relationship. Aristotle explains how the three relationships, pleasure, utility and virtue can differ. Aristotle states how each relationship needs certain characteristics in order to be obtained and who can interact in much(prenominal) a relationship. When one lo ves them self the most, a person can be in all three relationships.When one loves their friend the most, they can only be in a virtuous relationship. The relationship of utility and pleasure both are relationships that are based on benefits and once those benefits are gone, the relationship ends. I believe that many people have friendships of utility and not so much virtuous relationships. non many people can say they have been friends with the same person for a long time. I agree with Aristotle when he says virtuous relationships are rare because of that. According to Aristotle, the relationship between friendships and self-love is friendships break down into self- love.
Saturday, May 18, 2019
Topic Trade Trade routes and trade organizations have had an extensive impact on the worlds nations and regions. Many effects both negative and positive. Two trade organizations that have made a neat impact be the organization of the petroleum exportation countries (OPEC) and the trans-Saharan trade routes of African kingdoms. The organization of petroleum exporting countries was established on September 10-14, 1960. It is an intergovernmental organization of 12 anoint producing countries.The 12 countries are Algeria, Angola, Ecuador, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Libya, Nigeria, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, the coupled Arab Emirates, and Venezuela. These 12 countries depend heavily on oil revenues as their main source of income. The headquarters are located in Vienna. The OPEC was founded to unify and co-ordinate member countries in order to secure fair and inactive sets for petroleum producers. The OPEC controls ? of the supply of oil in the world. The OPEC has both advantages and disadvantage s.Some advantages are that it is more efficient to leave alone a regular supply of oil to consuming nations. They have better access to recourses to the producing countries. They have had a big influence on the international petroleum market by changing the petroleum policies harmonize to the worlds demand and supply. Some disadvantages of the OPEC are that they can have too much control of the oil and the price because they are main oil producing countries throughout the world. They can hurt the members of the organization by limiting the oil supply.
Friday, May 17, 2019
Banking memorial in Nepal In the setting of Nepal, it is very difficult to trace the correct chorological history of the Banking systems in Nepal because there ar no satisfactory historical records and data about Banking in Nepal. Nepal bound Ltd. is the first modern rim of Nepal. It is taken as the milestone of modern banking of the country. Nepal bank marks the beginning of a new era in the history of the modern banking in Nepal. This was constituted in 1937 A. D. Nepal Bank has been inaugurated by King Tribhuvan Bir Bikram Shah Dev on 30th Kartik 1994 B.S. Nepal bank was established as a semi government bank with the authorized capital of Rs. 10 billion and the paid -up capital of Rs. 892 thousand. Until mid-1940s, only met aloneic coins were used as medium of exchange. So the Nepal Government (His stateliness Government on that time) felt the need of separate institution or body to issue field currencies and win financial organization in the country. Nepal Bank Ltd. re mained the only financial institution of the country until the world of Nepal Rastra Bank is 1956 A.D. Due to the absence of the central bank, Nepal Bank has to play the role of central bank and scat the function of central bank. Hence, the Nepal Rastra Bank Act 1955 was formulated, which was approved by Nepal Government accordingly, the Nepal Rastra Bank was established in 1956 A. D. as the central bank of Nepal. Nepal Rastra Bank makes various guidelines for the banking sector of the country. A sound banking system is classical for smooth using of banking system. It can play a key role in the prudence.It gathers savings from all over the country and provides liquidity for industry and trade. In 1957 A. D. Industrial Development Bank was established to promote the industrialization in Nepal, which was later converted into Nepal Industrial Development Corporation (NIDC) in 1959 A. D. Rastriya Banijya Bank was established in 1965 A. D. as the second commercial bank of Nepal. The financial shapes for these two commercial banks have a tremendous impact on the economy. That is the reason why these banks still exist in spite of their gloomy position.As the agriculture is the basic occupation of major Nepalese, the development of this sector plays in the prime role in the economy. So, separate Agricultural Development Bank was established in 1968 A. D. This is the first institution in boorish financing. For more than two decades, no more banks have been established in the country. After declaring free economy and privatization policy, the government of Nepal encouraged the foreign banks for sound out venture in Nepal. Today, the banking sector is more liberalized and modernized and dogmatic managed.There are various types of bank working in modern banking system in Nepal. It includes central, development, commercial, financial, co-operative and Micro reference (Grameen) banks. Technology is changing day by day. And changed technology affects the traditiona l method of the service of bank. Banking software, ATM, E-banking, Mobile Banking, account Card, Credit Card, Prepaid Card etc. services are available in banking system in Nepal. It helps both customer and banks to operate and conduct activities more efficiently and effectively.For the development of banking system in Nepal, NRB go over and change in financial sector policies, regulations and institutional developments in 1980 A. D. Government emphasized the role of the individual(a) sector for the investment in the financial sector. These policies undefendable the doors for foreigners to enter into banking sector in Nepal under joint venture. Some foreign ventures are also established in Nepal such as Nepal Bangladesh Bank, Standard charter Bank, Nepal Arab Bank, State Bank of India, ICICI Bank, Everest Bank, Himalayan Bank, Bank of Kathmandu, Nepal Indo-Suez Bank and Nepal Sri Lanka Merchant Bank etc.The NRB will classify the institutions into A B C D groups on the basis of t he minimum paid-up capital and provide the suited license to the bank or financial institution. Group A is for commercial bank, B for the development bank, C for the financial institution and D for the Micro Finance Development Banks. Generally banks in Nepal are opened 9 am to 3 pm Sunday to Thursday and 9 am to 1 am on Friday. But nowadays most of banks in Kathmandu are opened throughout the week.There are 32 commercial banks, 79 development banks, 79 financial companies, 18 micro credit (Grameen) development banks and 16 saving and credit co-operation(licensed by Nepal Rastra Bank) are established so far in Nepal. The bank with the largest network in Nepal is The Nepal Bank Ltd. These commercial banks and financial institutions have played significant roles in creating banking tog among the people, widening area and business communities and the government in various ways.
Thursday, May 16, 2019
2)In what ways hind end French New fly high cinema be considered a product of its particular moment institutionally, technologically and paganly Your answer should make close deferred payment to ONE or TWO films - Essay ExampleWhile French cinema was changing after wards the Great struggle, the cinemas across Europe were not in as great transformations. It is perhaps for this reason that French New Wave cinema was and is considered one of the watershed trys of all time in terms of cinematic creation and cinematic experience (Neupert, 2007). In many ways, French New Wave cinema can be seen as a rejuvenation of filmmaking that came about as a reactionary approach to modern filmmaking. This paper will look into the French New Wave cinematic movement in aver to decipher the various changes introduced by it. In addition, this paper will explore the effects of institutional, technological and heathenish factors that made the French New Wave cinematic movement one of the worlds m ost(prenominal) prominent cinematic transformations. Two French New Wave films, Jules and Jim and The 400 Blows will be analysed in detail in order to meet the objectives stated above.The French New Wave cinematic movement is considered as being influenced by the Italian neo-realistic movement of the same age. In essence, the French New Wave cinematic movement allowed the filmmaking quarters to revisit the basics in order to redefine them. Among other things, cultural and peculiar historical events played a large role in defining how this particular cinematic movement began and progressed. During the Nazi occupation of France, the French cinema became both the tool and the property of the German state. A number of French directors, producers and actors collaborated with the Nazis in order to create new films through the course of the war. After the war ended, these filmmakers and actors were not highly looked upon by filmmaking circles in general.French cinema after the Second World War was looking for change. This change came through as a host of new filmmaking techniques were introduced in tandem with cinematic themes and new faces
Wednesday, May 15, 2019
ICTs & strategic change-master level - Essay ExampleThe original intention use of accessible media networking is to socializing hardly it is has exploited by governances as a mean of information communication engineering ICTs for strategic change. This exploitation of social media networking is consequence of unintended use of IS application. ICTs & the Strategic limiting Drivers Organization Perspective Jansen et al (2010) investigated the relationship between information sharing on social media and users behaviors, they found that the more users involved in social media application the more is their ability to personation on these opinion sharing and knowledge they received. The Drivers of Organization behind Employing Social Media Application In theory, either system of rules is part of external environments, interconnected to other(a) organizations and external environment which is known as the organization as a system (Senior &Fleming, pp.6, 2006). The Organization, as a system theory, is not in isolation but a place in the external environment where it receives its input from the external environment and produces their output to the environment. This implies the interrelatedness and influence of an organization on each others and the influence of the external environment in border context. ... The Game theory helps us to understand our organization and our competitors, the theory has been derived from the art of war base on thus, it is said that one who knows the enemy and knows himself will not be endangered in a ampere-second engagements. One who does not know the enemy but knows himself will well-nightime be victorious, some time meet with defeat. One who knows neither the enemy nor himself will invariably be defeated in every engagement (Day & Reibstein , 2004). By understanding the polar theories related to the organization and the dynamic external environment that will help us to understand the need for strategic change. M any(prenomin al) sounds theory emphasized that any organization is not island of isolation but further more is placed in dynamic environments with some(prenominal) other organizations. Therefore the need to understand this environment is matter along with understanding other organization in another word the competitors. In the case of UK government, employing some manikin would be good to crumble and understand the dynamic environment in which the organization placed. I will apply two framework here which are SWOT analysis and Porter framework. SWOT The basic strength of the UK government is its resiliency and the government structure in itself. The vast resources that have been accumulated in the past several hundred years is a testament to the resiliency of the UK government. The ICT of the UK in general gives an edge over all the other European countries. The weakness from my point of view of the UK government is the red tape that abounds the government offices. This weakness is borne fro m the different controls needed to safe guard the interest of the public. The opportunity that is
Tuesday, May 14, 2019
From Freemasons to busy Patriots - Assignment ExampleSticking to the German context, the author shows that with time, freemasons were allowed to inculcate elite practices as joining adaptation book clubs, improving drinking habits and recognizing organizational bailiwick.The author also studies that modernization of organizational nicety began in two waves, one in 1760 and the other in 1790s with the establishment of patriotic societies which had strong influence in decision making process of the governmental bodies of the states, in spite of poor number of members in the 50 to 60 such groups found all through Germany. This was the beginning of modern organizations wherein the philosophy of the organization was more important than self discipline, patriotism or ethical practices.According to Kieser, people who follow organizational discipline in modern day organizations, fail to recognize the need of learning refreshed and individualistic working styles and disciplines. This i s in stark contrast to the rational approach seen in freemasons of the middle ages and is indicative of work culture stagnation. This is also directly in contrast with the modern culture of social progress.Writer suggests that instead of resorting to this new kind of iron cage, the employees must go for multi-societal memberships to develop more complete self discipline and brisk patriotism that is devoid of single organizational dominance.The early freemason organizations comprised low classes of the society including manual laborers, slight time vendors and believers of traditional Mason cult. The practices used by these organizations were found on ethical and spiritual philosophies. They were utilise to achieving spiritual goals like establishing personal standards of discipline and extending them to contribution to society.Modern organizations on the contrary are based on economic and societal philosophies and are more focused
Monday, May 13, 2019
Strategic Partner Discussion - Assignment ExampleConsequently, there is no need for HR professionals in tableSecond, the HR professionals do not mother the feel or business shrewdness to contribute to increasing participation profits. HR professionals often do not have the accounting, economics knowledge. The identical professionals are not adept at business management theories. Similarly, the HR professionals may not have the capacity to assume and manage business risks (Wallace, 1982).Implementation of policies. HR professionals can help employees implement company policy, without wasteful overstaffing. The HR professional can recommend more effective interviewing, hiring, training, promotion, and termination, matching skills to fill vacancies, property and pay issues. The HR professional contributes to the improvement of the employees current job outputs and consistency with internal environment factors. For example, the moorage clerk who is slow typist can improve work outpu t with the HR professionals help. The HR professional will engage the employee in timing speed seminars and other trainings. The employees will enthusiastically cipher in the HR professionals program to increase their data encoding or typing speed (French, 1982). modify leaders. The HR professionals help employees embrace company changes. It is normal for company to institute changes in company policies and procedures. Changes admit product and services changes. Customers often change product and service choices. The company must supply the advanced products and services. For example, the demand for the old fashioned typewriter was replaced with the later demand for computers (French, 1982).The HR professionals will contribute to reduce bulwark to change. The HR professionals will use seminars to equip the employees with the necessary capabilities for successful change. HR professionals will
Sunday, May 12, 2019
Finance & Investment - Essay Examplewhen the pct is underpriced. The valuation model used to estimate the intrinsic care for of a share is the present value model.Constant Growth Model is also known as Gordons Share Valuation model. It is fictive that dividends impart grow at the same rate (g) into the indefinite future and that the discount rate (r) is great than the dividend growth rate (g).The constant growth assumption may not be realistic in many situations. The growth is dividends may be at varying rates. In this model, the future time point in time is divided into two different growth segments such as the initial extraordinary growth stream and the subsequent constant growth period. That is the meld from period 1 to N which will call V1, and the flow from period N+1 to infinity referred to as V2.Freehold property is an asset, the owners of such property require give up evidence about their ownership of the property. The freehold property is a fixed asset held by the o wner itself. In this context, it is viewed that whenever the portion of assets increases, then the profitability of the company also goes on increasing. If there is an appreciation in assets, it will automatically lead to increases in profitability of the company as a whole as a result, increase in profit leads to increase in dividend also. So, it is very clear that there is a send out relation between the increment of assets and thereby a corresponding increment of profits, and finally in dividend also. Moreover, whenever a person becomes the real owner of a freehold property, such a person has the right to undertake either to sell or to provide a lease of such property.Taxpayers may seek to infer that the give voice holding investments connotes passive ownership and argue that extensive personal involvement by the deceased/transferor in the business cannot be classed as holding investment. (SVM27580 - Share Valuation Manual Business quality Relief and Agricultural Property Rel ief)
Saturday, May 11, 2019
Proofreading go - Essay ExampleoThe writer first reads through the order instructions to ensure they be understood and all necessary research materials are availableIf anything is unclear or materials are non available, the writer will contact you to request clarification or to arrange for alternate materials, writers or any(prenominal) it takes to ensure the order is completed satisfactorily.oThe writer then begins the research process, seeking out up-to-date training from quality sources and required texts. oWith the necessary research in hand, the writer then engages in the penning process, making sure to format the paper according to specifications and, as much as possible, within your various(a)(prenominal) experience and educational level.oUpon completion of the writing process, the writer will proofread the finished paper for bunk, adherence to your provided instructions and common grammar or typographical errors. oThe completed paper is then uploaded to the explore P aper Writer websiteWhen completed papers are uploaded to the website, they are automatically processed through various engines that check for plagiarismoEngines used are carefully screened to establish the exact process usedoSome of the engines available to schools and universities conduct a copy of papers submitted. Using these engines would instantly cause research papers provided by our writers to be invalid for your purposes.Successful returns are then immediately forwarded to your email box for use.
Friday, May 10, 2019
To investigate various ways of financing rearingal boot camps for less privileged but gifted students in the Czechoslovakian Republic - Research idea ExampleIt was also imperative to collect information on these learning platforms, so as to fork out brainwave on what they would constitute, since they do not exist within the Czech education system. info on the Czech education system was obtained from government sources like reports by the Office of the Government of the Czech Republic. at that place were also sources such as organizations and foundations reports like those by the European Commission and the Czech Institute for Information on Education.These secondary selective information sources were deemed credible owing to the impartial nature of their statistical findings on education, and curiously gifted education in the country. The sources were also considered the best, as they provided a comprehensive overview of the background information that make a basis for the re search.The decision to use interview was aimed at collecting personal opinions from potential education boot camp financiers as research data. Interviews were also considered most suitable, since in depth understanding of and insight into the subject of gifted education funding in the Czech Republic was paramount to the study. Through straightway interviewing potential sponsors of the proposed education programs, it was possible to directly define the studys context. Additionally, use of interviews as elemental data collection tools made it possible to discover the thoughts and feelings of the respondents on gifted education in the Czech Republic, while identifying their specific reasons for various opinions (krabnkov, 2011). It was also imperative to gain human perspective of extant data and trends of gifted education in the country. There were several advantages of using interviews in the research. Key among the benefits noted was the public utility company of the interviews in obtaining information in details, particularly in regard to personal opinions, outlooks on gifted education, and general opinions.
Thursday, May 9, 2019
medicate Trafficking - Research Paper ExampleDrug addicts are usually morally corrupt people and so are the drug traffickers. This paper discusses the potency means and ways by which drugs reach US and how it impacts the American society.According to the statistics noted by UNODC (2011), most 340 tons of heroin is currently consumed all over the world every year while an annual discharge into the global marketplace of heroin ranges from 430 tons to 450 tons as represented by the seizures. 50 tons of this quantity are yielded by the Lao Peoples Democratic Republic and the opium retrieved from Myanmar whereas the sheepskin coat opium produces about 380 tons of morphine and heroin. Of the 380 tons, only 5 tons of heroin are consumed by the Afghanis and the stand-in is supplied to countries far and wide all over the world via routes in the neighboring countries.UNODC (2011) also shares information regarding the routes through with(predicate) which heroin is smuggled to the world f rom Afghanistan. Heroin is primarily trafficked through the northern and Balkan routes which connect Afghanistan with the large markets be to the Western Europe and the Russian Federation. The Balkan route links Afghanistan with Iran via Pakistan from where, the heroin is passed over to Turkey, Bulgaria and Greece in the South-East Europe. Its market value upon reaching the European market in the West is about $20 billion. Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan, Kazakhstan and Russia exist on the northern route. That markets size is worth $13 billion annually.Every year, US has to relent a cost of $70 billion as a result of the illegal trade of drugs (Finckenauer, Fuentes, and Ward, 2007). The captain smugglers of narcotics into US are the drug traffickers of Mexico. Most of the drugs are transferred from Mexico to US through the 2000 mile long butt that the two share. Mexico, today is the main transporter of marijuana, heroin and methamphetamine to the US and also plays a primaeval role in th e sale of
Wednesday, May 8, 2019
Neymar Case (F.C. Barcelona) - Coursework ExampleAn effective reply to crises includes leadership involvement, application of human resources initiatives, and restructuring the establishmental structure. To elaborate on this effective response and mitigation process, this text get out be developed adhering to the defined outline of the need to effective response, and will apply the new FC Barcelona crisis which went viral with the globe pointing fingers at the club accusing it of fraud in sign Neymar. The text will address the issue and suggest on what was the best way to deal with the matter in basis of handling the arising issues and restoring trust and calm to all involved stakeholders.Neymar, a promising Brazilian soccer flair has been a treasure many clubs have been aiming at netting and when FC Barcelona succeeded in signing him, it was expected to be the start of big things. However, it was unknown that the move was indeed suicidal for the club after claims of fraud duri ng the signing of the star emerged. As Minder (2014, n.p.) reveals, the issue was that the clubs management had misappropriated funds during the process, stating that 57 Million Euros were spent on the signing whereas the actual sum known to have been spent was 86 Million Euros. To make matters worse, it is said that about 40 million of the said amount was paid to an organization affiliated to Neymars father, raising eyebrows as to the transparency of the entire process. Events following the dark turn of events were the Spanish court giving a green light for the case to proceed against the clubs tax income defrauding accusations, and the clubs then manager, Sandro Rosell resigning in early 2014. What went wrong and which are best measures to prevent coming back and restore FC Barcelonas flawed glory?In a business context, the management of FC Barcelona had failed in its mandates and so contributing to the said outcome. The
Tuesday, May 7, 2019
No Child Left Behind Act - Essay ExampleThe solid and weak points of the law will be discussed in this paper in addition to the aforementioned information. When the NCLB was passed, a lot of politicians looked forward to its positive effects to the system of education in America considering all groups resembling the administrators, teachers, students and parents. In 2006, there have been positive reports about the act and heads have been nodding in acclamation to the statistics presented. The long term Nations Report Card results in 2005 claims that achievements in Math and class period of elementary students reached the highest level and that achievement gaps were minimal (Ed.gov). The Department of Education gave similar reports on the statistics submitted in regard of the act and these were applauded during President George W. Bushs 2008 State of the Union Address. He claimed that in 2007, fourth and 8th graders achieved the highest math scores on record, reading scores are on the rise and African-American and Hispanic students posted all-time highs (Bush).
Monday, May 6, 2019
Discussions questions - assigning ExampleLarge enterprises have many employees spread of a lager geographical cover i.e. world-wide who could be difficult to control. These employees could be compromised by hacker so as to abide details to assistance them hack in the systems. Research shows that most large enterprises hackings argon always done from the inside.The greatest mother fucker that these hackers have at their disposal is Google. Using Google smart search a hacker can flap any information they want abtaboo any individual including family names, credit card information, date of birth, alkali address, medical records, classified government records etc. Once hackers have access to this kind of information, it is easier for them to carry out any attack ranging from theft, fraud or gain access to restricted resources.Google can also provide information about organizations profile of web servers, unprotected directories, financial information and database information. This is the kind of information hackers rehearse to attack there target. Hence Google smart search has become the greatest tool used by hackers.One recent cyber-crime that is on the rise is spoil crime. Cloud computing is trending in IT and most companies are moving to cloud services. Therefore with more companies putting information on public cloud services, cloud services have become targets.However system forensics investigators face several challenges in trying to conclude the crime. For instance, form the legal dimension, there are no agreements among cloud organizations to enable collaborative investigation. Also bulk of SLAs between these companies have no terms and conditions regarding the separation of responsibilities between the cloud service provider and the nodeThe greatest challenges facing system forensics investigators is how to retrieve and handle data form mobile handheld devices. transmutation in technology has seen emergence of mobile handheld devices like smartp hones like Apple iPhone and blackberry, iPads,
Sunday, May 5, 2019
Robert halt - Research account ExampleSignificantly, Frost occupies the status of one of the or so read and constantly anthologized poets in American literature. The most remarkable characteristics of Frosts poetry include the clarity of his diction, his colloquial rhythms, the simplicity of his images, and the unsophisticated and civilise method of paternity. As Katrin Gischler (2007) maintains, Although his career started only at the age of forty, he made his mark as a poet, becoming more and more widely known until at the end he was the get together States de facto poet laureate. He was a four-time winner of the Pulitzer Prize and received an unprecedented number and range of literary, academic, and public honors. (Gischler, 3) Therefore, it is aboriginal to make up that Robert Frost had a highly successful poetic career, which hit its peak when he recited his poesy The Gift Outright at the inauguration of John F Kennedy in 1961. This paper makes a pondering exploration of the most essential thematic elements in the poetry by Robert Frost, focusing on any(prenominal) of his most celebrated poems. Robert Frost was born to journalist William Prescott Frost, Jr. and Isabelle Moodie, in San Francisco on March 26, 1874. At the age of eleven, Frosts father died of tuberculosis and he moved to New England, along with his amaze who now resumed the career of a teacher in order to support the family. From his betimes school age at Lawrence High School in Lawrence, Massachusetts, Robert Frost developed interest in reading and writing poetry. Following his studies at Lawrence High School, Frost was enrolled at Dartmouth College in 1892, although he did not earn a formal degree. It is evident, from a biographical study of the poet, that Robert Frost had a tumultuous and unstable early life, hardly a stable and happy adult life with his wife Elinor Miriam White and his children. The first thirty-eight days of his life were determined by his own insecurity and vulnerability. Only the influences of his mother did much to shape Frosts basic nature. Later on, Frost also felt the influence of his high school comrade, Carl Burrell The brook and longest influential relationship was that with Elinor White, whom Frost married in 1895. (Gischler, 3) Elinor White remained the chief source vehemence for many of the poems by Robert Frost. A close analysis of the biography of Robert Frost confirms that his personal life, especi exclusivelyy the early stages of his life, was overwhelmed with sorrow and hammering, including the death of his father due to tuberculosis, of his mother due to cancer, and the experience of mental illness and falloff by his younger sister Jeanie, his daughter Irma, and his wife Elinor. Therefore, it is fundamental to realize that Robert Frost withstood several misfortunes and miseries all through his life to produce some of the most fascinating lines of poetry ever written in literature. Thematic Elements in Frosts Poe try In American literature, Robert Frost holds a whimsical and almost isolated position, thanks mainly to the rhetoric devices and thematic elements of his poetry. Significantly, the basic emotional or psychological experiences expressed by this great poet of nature make an impact on the readers even today. It is essential to realize that, even while following the essential principles of versification, Robert Frosts poetry is rich with psychological center and humanist ideologies. The poetic intelligence of Frost can be very well understood in the way he used traditional poetic devices such as
Saturday, May 4, 2019
The Making of a modern Kingdom - Essay ExampleThis is wherefore Jordan Anne chose to study changes and globalization in Saudi Arabia. Even though globalization is a universal fancy, Jordan focused on Saudi Arabia. In anthropology, a scientist cannot generalize concept because the data used must be empirical and the study must be verifiable. In her pillowcase study, Jordan portrays an anthropological overview of Saudi Arabia in the context of globalization. Readers get to understand the characteristics of anthropology by relating the cases study to the importance to the rally ideas of anthropology. She describes how Saudi Arabia rose to its current state as a top world player piece of music less than three decades ago, the soil had no bringing up system, economic systems, or infrastructure. She discusses the Arabian Peninsula culture and provides a summary of the unique history and geography of these people. Readers learn about the changes in Saudi Arabia such as the shopping malls, traffic jams, and skyscrapers. Additionally, she makes readers understand the modernization process together with its effects on the people and why modernization succeeded. She has provided these in her case study of a mini hospital in Saudi Arabia, education system and the oil industry. Those with little knowledge in anthropology are able to find realistic responses to the perceive situation in Saudi Arabia. The book overly provides a multifaceted discussion of semipolitical organization, roles of religion, supranational politics, women positions, the oil industry and the 9/11 impacts to Saudi. The book helps readers understand the applicability of modernity to economic and political anthropology. Jordan provides a good introduction into the field of anthropology as she provides clear case studies with empirical facts to demonstrate findings. later on reviewing Jordans study and information, it is clear that Saudi Arabia has successfully achieved the title of a modern s tate. A shade at the countrys past economic status reveals major improvements. The citizens lives have also improved in or so all sectors. This may be attributed to the discovery of oil as the country had limited resources before then. However, Oil is not the only factor that influenced modernity in the country. The countrys formula for modernization included its crucial sectors such as education, politics and the health sector. After the discovery, almost every sector improved including the health sector, education, social and transportation sectors. In 1995, Saudis nominal phrase GDP was 503 while in 2005, this increased to 1,153. GDP per capita in 1995 was SR 28,700 and the same increased to 51,000 in 2005. Within the ten year difference, the cost of living only rose by 0.1% from 0.6% to 0.7 %. This also indicates a lack of inflation in the country. These data indicate a steady rising economy, which coincides with modernization and globalization. globalization has encouraged e ntrance of new products and foreign traders, which in turn strengthen the financial markets of the country. Saudi Arabia has managed to insist a sense of confidence and stability for its citizens and external relationships (Jordan 66). These characteristics are rare in the Middle einsteinium but the stability has contributed to the country